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With and Without Community Based Water Association: Social Capital Mapping

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Access to piped water connection for all citizen is also targeted by Indonesian government as one of important national development action dealt with poverty alleviation. Accessibility on safe water—piped water connection in urban areas is higher than in rural areas, so that the government needs to establish rural community based organization to manage local water supply services. HIPPAMs—rural residents’ association of drinking water users in Sumberawan and Ngujung hamlets of Malang Regency—namely HIPPAM Gotong Royong I–V and HIPPAM Perpipaan Air Minum Bersaudara have been able to perform good voluntary association in dealing with piped water services within scope of local areas. In order to have an appropriate understanding about their performance as a role model of rural community based water services management, this research aims to (i) scrutinize social capital forms of the HIPPAMs, and (ii) measure social capital of the HIPPAMs. For the first aim, input data was collected through depth interview with the key person of each HIPPAM. Then, the second aim, data affiliation is needed in order to measure the social capital of each HIPPAM through three indexes covering density, rate of participation and centrality through questionnaire survey towards total 270 respondents with main question about their current memberships to the community groups that is exist in the research area. Up most of it, this research tried to mapping social capital within research area by comparing respondent’s affiliation through their memberships with HIPPAM and without HIPPAM. In conclusion, once social capital is measured when respondents are affiliated to a HIPPAM group, the community might able to perform a stronger social tie than the time that the community was measured without their affiliation to a HIPPAM group that derive them dealing with their access to piped-water for all.
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Keywords: Community Development; Piped Water Access; Social Capital; Water Association

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Urban and Regional Planning Department, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang 65145, Indonesia

Publication date: April 1, 2018

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