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Modernization, Social Capital and Public Participation in the Creation of Self-Management Charter in Thailand

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The principle objective of this study is to investigate whether among two concepts-modernization and social capital-which concepts are able to promote public participation in the creation of self-management charter. A face-to-face survey and in depth interviews were utilized as the main tools to investigate the relationships between the two concepts and public participation in this study. The process of data collection selected 377 samples from people of voting age who were registered in Nong-Or Sub-district, Si Satchanalai District, Sukhothai Province by employing multistage sampling. Data analysis was done by utilizing Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. The results make clear that only social capital has a strong impact on promoting people’s participation Modernization, in contrast, does not have any correlation with public participation in the creation of self-management charter. In addition, it was found that the two most powerful factors on promoting public participation on making self-management charter are trust in incumbent and interpersonal trust. Therefore, some practical strategies for making Thai public policy can be made by employing the results of this study. It is suggested that all governmental sectors must demonstrate mechanism in checking performance of all officials. Social safety networks, additionally, must be created throughout the country for allowing people to create higher level of both political and interpersonal trusts. It is hope that these strategies can encourage all Thais to take part more in all levels of political affair.
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Keywords: Modernization; Public Participation; Self-Management Charter; Social Capital; Trust

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Social Sciences, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok 65000, Thailand 2: School of Social Sciences, The University of Adelaide, 5005, Australia

Publication date: 01 April 2018

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