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Religiosity and Psychological Well-Being: Implication to Improve Disaster Management

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Natural landslide occurs frequently in some areas of Indonesia. Cianjur is considered as one of cities in Indonesia where natural landslide mostly taken place. Natural disaster in the form of landslide occurred in the Ciloto region on January 21, 2014, had an impact of suffering for the local inhabitants and also caused a number of victims. Based on the result of data mapping, there were 46 families or 213 people who have been victims of the landslide and soil movement. The situation faced by the victims of the disaster required an intensive and sustained treatment both from the government who were responsible for the implementation of the protection for disaster victims as well as from various elements of the community who had the capacity to do the protection. Disaster management is needed to control disasters and emergencies while providing a framework in helping people at high risk to recover from the disasters. The purpose of this study is to analyze what values on the vulnerable group for landslide disasters that can improve their psychological well-being using indigenous psychological analysis in Cianjur city, West Java, Indonesia. The research design used was a non-experimental correlation method using survey data collection methods. Data collection was conducted through in-depth inter-views, participatory observation, focus group discussions and questionnaire. Data analysis method used was a simple regression. Result of this study confirmed that Religiosity had an influence on the establishment of Psychological Well-being of the landslide victims. For Cianjur people, there are some values influencing their life: ngaos, mamaos, and maenpo. In their culture, people of Cianjur are determined to uphold their misery with their relationship with God. Ngaos is reading Quran for religious activity as Muslim. In the afternoons, there is a tradition where children and adolescents go to Masjid to read Quran together. As psychosocial support, meeting people who believed in Islamic values and had the same situation caused by the landslide disaster had made their psychological well-being improved. They shared their existence as a courteousness, mannered, and ethical society in believing in God, that what happened to them is because God will. Their value of religiosity can improve their psychological well-being, so they have spirit and courage to move forward and rebuild their future. The final model of the use of psychosocial interventions in disaster management can be used elsewhere in the context of community empowerment in upgrading Psychological Well-Being to regain the spirit and passion for rising and rebuild its future.
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Keywords: Disaster Management; Natural Landslide Disaster; Psychological Well-Being; Religiosity

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Faculty of Psychology, University of Padjadjaran, Indonesia

Publication date: November 1, 2017

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