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Kelantan Geometrical Designs on Malay Mengkuang Weaving Motifs

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Mengkuang or screw pines belongs to the family of Pandanaceae, which yield leaves that can be woven into mats, baskets, bags and many other products. Malay Mengkuang weaving motifs are designs or patterns intricately woven into the weaving process itself. It involves the process of crisscrossing processed raw materials obtained from special selected plants called Mengkuang or screw pines leaves into usable products. This paper discusses the Kelantan Geometrical Designs on Malay Mengkuang weaving motifs. Three Mengkuang weavers namely Cikgu Haji Ismail Salleh from Kota Bharu, and Pn Nik Asiah Nik Chik and Siti Khatijah Mat Adam from Bukit Tanah, Pasir Puteh were selected. Triangulation method comprising observations, interviews and analysis of motifs used in the weaving were applied. The results showed there are four categories of Mengkuang motifs which are flora motif designs, fauna motif designs, abstract motif designs and finally people’s names’ motif designs. It can be seen that the Kelantanese Mengkuang weavers have a very keen sense of observation of their natural surroundings including the flora and fauna by producing designs that are similar to it using their artistic knowledge and skills. The designs are rhombus shaped, triangular shaped, polygon and rectangular shaped arranged in a tessellation and rotation form. It is suggested that future research can be applied on the evolution of ideas in Mengkuang motifs.
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Keywords: Geometrical Designs (The Use of Geometric Motifs in Mengkuang Weaving); Kelarai (Designs Based on Observation of Natural Surroundings in the Environment); Mengkuang Weaving (The Weaving of Processed Mengkuang or Screw Pine Leaves into Mats and Other Handicraft Products); Motifs (Designs or Patterns); Tessellations (A Pattern of Shapes That Fit Perfectly Together)

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Fakulti Sains Komputer dan Matematik, Universiti Teknologi Mara Kelantan, Kelantan, Malaysia 2: Fakulti Seni Lukis dan Seni Reka, Universiti Teknologi Mara Kelantan, Kelantan, Malaysia

Publication date: August 1, 2017

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