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Blood Glucose Profile Among Adult Women in Semarang

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Background: The total burden of death from blood glucose in the world in 2012 was predicted to reach 3.7 million. Impaired Fasting Glucose (IFG) is intermediate condition in the transition between normal blood glucose level and diabetes. Also, people with IFG are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Women are at risk of blood glucose imbalance because they are more prone to hormonal disturbances. Blood glucose increases by age, obesity and physically inactive. The aim of this research was to describe fasting blood glucose, age, body mass index and physical activity (PA) levels among adult women. Method: The study design was a descriptive cross sectional. Study population was adult women. Seventy four samples were recruited by random sampling from 6 districts in Semarang city, Indonesia. Fasting blood sample were collected by finger-prick and analyzed by Autocheck glucose test strips. Socio-demographic, PA and physical examination were collected. Subjects undergone anti diabetic treatment and anti-hypertension treatment were excluded from the study. Results: The mean of FBG was 103.7 mg/dl, age was 42.3 years, BMI was 24.05 kg/m2, physical activity level was 1.58. The majority of the samples have normal blood glucose level (64.9%), aged 45–54 years (33.8%), have normal BMI (52.7%), and have sedentary PA (78.4%). Conclusion: The increasing physical activity and weight monitoring represent feasible options for preventing impaired fasting glucose.
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Keywords: Age; Blood Glucose; Body Mass Index; Physical Activity; Woman

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Faculty of Public Health, Diponegoro University, Semarang, 50275, Indonesia

Publication date: April 1, 2017

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