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Is Food Consumption Frequency Related to Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever Incidence on Toddler, Children, and Adolescents in Semarang City?

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Background: Dengue fever is an infectious disease caused by dengue virus. Indonesia is the largest contributor (57%) number of dengue cases among 10 countries in Southeast Asia in 2006. The high transmission of dengue virus is affected by the immune system. The immune system is closely related to age and nutritional status, which is influenced by the balance of intake and absorption of nutrients, especially micronutrients. This research was carried out to analyze the relationship between food consumption frequency with the incidence of dengue in toddler, children, and adolescents in Semarang city. Method: This research was an observational analytic study using cross sectional design and total sampling. The population in this study was all residents in Semarang city. Samples of 89 DHF cases and 89 healthy respondents were classified into three age groups i.e., toddlers (0–4 years), children (5–11 years) and adolescence (12–25 years). Food consumption patterns of the respondents were obtained using food frequency questionnaire. The data were analyzed by Chi-Square tests. Results: The results showed that vegetable, fruits, milk, or protein consumption patterns (p = 0.881, 0.881, 0.294 and 0.177 respectively) measured using the FFQ was not related to the incidence of dengue fever in the Semarang city. As recommendation, because food consumption frequency did not describe food adequacy in detail it is suggested to use food recall to determine food adequacy for future research.
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Keywords: DHF; FFQ; Food Consumption Pattern; Nutrition

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Public Health Faculty, Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. Soedarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang 50275, Indonesia 2: Faculty of Animal Science and Agriculture, Diponegoro University, Jl. Prof. Soedarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang 50275, Indonesia

Publication date: April 1, 2017

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