Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Comparison Between TB-HIV Patients and HIV Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study at Pulmonary Health Center Semarang City, Indonesia

Buy Article:

$106.34 + tax (Refund Policy)

Background: TB-HIV co-infection determinant can vary between regions. In Semarang, there is no study about the determinant factors of TB-HIV yet. The prevalence of TB among HIV-seropositive individuals at BKPM is probably higher than in other sites in Central Java due to a large number of TB-HIV patients treated. We conducted an explanatory study with cross-sectional design to analyze the difference of determinant factors of HIV and TB-HIV. Method: Subject was taken consecutively during April–December 2015. Pulmonary TB referred to patients with MTB infection, which is characterized by detection of acid-fast bacilli in sputum using Ziehl Neelsen examination. HIV referred to the result of anti-HIV antibodies. Variables in this study consisted of characteristics (age, sex, education, occupation, marital status, and salary), sign and symptoms, behavior related to TB-HIV co-infection, and history of TB contact. Results: The result of the characteristics of subjects, such as age, sex, occupation, marital status, education level and salary, were equal between HIV and TB-HIV patients. Sign and symptoms that significantly differ were coughs, cough with phlegm and chest pain. Commonly, sign and symptoms in TB-HIV were undetermined. There was no behavioral difference between HIV and TB-HIV. History of contact (interfamilial and neighbor contact) was significantly different. Conclusion: The knowledge of the prevalence of TB-HIV co-infection and its determinant factors in a local context hopefully help to reduce the burden of the disease by facilitating the early detection of at-risk patients and proper follow-up activities in the area of TB/HIV collaborative program.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Co-Infection; Determinant Factors; HIV; TB

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department Epidemiology and Tropical Diseases, Public Health Faculty, Diponegoro University, Semarang, 50275, Indonesia 2: Department of Public Health Nutrition, Public Health Faculty, Diponegoro University, Semarang, 50275, Indonesia

Publication date: April 1, 2017

More about this publication?
  • ADVANCED SCIENCE LETTERS is an international peer-reviewed journal with a very wide-ranging coverage, consolidates research activities in all areas of (1) Physical Sciences, (2) Biological Sciences, (3) Mathematical Sciences, (4) Engineering, (5) Computer and Information Sciences, and (6) Geosciences to publish original short communications, full research papers and timely brief (mini) reviews with authors photo and biography encompassing the basic and applied research and current developments in educational aspects of these scientific areas.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more