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Aedes aegypti Resistance to Temephos in Central Java, Indonesia

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Background: Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) was found in most of the districts in Central Java with the incidence rate more than 20/100,000. The national target for DHF incidence was <20/100,000. Temephos was used by Indonesian government for more than 40 years to control Aedes spp since 1970. This research aimed to find out the resistance status of Aedes aegypti larvae to temephos in nine districts in Central Java. Method: This cross-sectional survey was conducted at 3 (three) locations (villages) that were chosen based on the number of DHF cases in Purworejo, Kebumen, Pekalongan, Demak, Wonosobo, Cilacap, Kudus, Klaten, and Banjarnegara District in Central Java. The entomology survey aimed to collect samples of Ae. aegypti, egg and larvae. The survey was done in 100 houses in every village. Mosquitoes rearing and resistance tests were conducted in Balai Litbang P2B2 Banjarnegara laboratory. Ae. aegypti larvae susceptibility test against temephos 0.02 mg/l conducted by WHO procedure for testing the susceptibility of mosquito and larvae. This research was conducted from April to November 2014. Results: Ae. aegypti from Demak, Klaten, and Banjarnegara districts were resistance against temephos with the mortality of larvae after 24 hours holding of 57.22%–74.58%, while Ae. aegypti from the other district in this survey were tolerance against temephos with the mortality of larvae after 24 hours holding of 86.11%–92.92%. Conclusion: Ae. aegypti from Demak, Klaten, and Banjarnegara district were resistance while the mosquito from Purworejo, Kebumen, Pekalongan, Wonosobo, Cilacap, Kudus were tolerance to temephos.
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Keywords: Aedes aegypti; Central Java; Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever; Resistance; Temephos

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Banjarnegara Animal-Borne Diseases Control Research and Development Unit, National Institute for Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia, Banjarnegara 53418, Republic of Indonesia

Publication date: April 1, 2017

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