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The Effect of Tooth Brushing Assistance on the Oral Hygiene of Blind and Deaf Students

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Background: The level of oral hygiene index among special need students are worse than normal ones due to their high rate of calculus and debris index. They need to improve their skills in maintaining their oral health, such as brushing their teeth. The parents assistance of brushing their child’s teeth might be one of the solution. The aim of this research was to know the effect of tooth brushing assistance among blind and deaf students towards debris index changes. Methods: This study was quantitative descriptive with cross sectional approach. The population was the students of SLB Semarang. The samples were 20 blind and 20 deaf students who were 8–12 years old. Each group was divided into two sub groups with and without assistance. Parents given training of brushing teeth techniques would assist their child in brushing their teeth along 21 days and debris index would be observed every week. The data were analyzed by independent T test. Results: There was a significant difference in debris index changes between the group of deaf and blind (p value : 0,029). Tooth brushing assistance were more effective on deaf (p value: 0,042) than blind (p value : 0,067). The decrease of debris index among deaf students with parents assistance were 54.17% and 15.52% without parents assistance; among blind students with parents assistance increased 3.39% and 1.69% without parents assistance. Conclusion: The effect of tooth brushing assistance among deaf was more effective than blind students.
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Keywords: Blind; Deaf; Debris Index; Students; Tooth Brushing

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Health Polytechnic of Semarang, Dental Nurse Department, Jl. Tirto Agung, Pedalangan, Banyumanik, Semarang, Jawa Tengah 50268, Indonesia 2: Health Polytechnic of Yogyakarta, Dental Nurse Department, Jl. Tatabumi no 3 Banyuraden, Gamping, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55293, Indonesia

Publication date: April 1, 2017

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