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Effectiveness of Movie to Improve Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior in Preventing HIV Transmission from Mother to Child

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Background: One of the breakthrough programs for dissemination of HIV/AIDS awareness is a prevention of Mother To Child Transmission (PMTCT). The promotion program has to be supported by the development of effective health education media such as a movie. The study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of health education using movie media upon knowledge, attitude and behavior on PMTCT of HIV/AIDS. Methods: This study was a pre-experimental study with one group pretest–posttest design. Subjects were 88 pregnant women registered in the Public Health Center of Parakan, Temanggung Regency, Central Java that were recruited using purposive-quota sampling. Questionnaire on knowledge and attitude had been proven valid and reliable on Product Moment Correlation test and Cronbach Alpha test respectively. Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test was applied with p value of 0.01. Results: There was significant influence of health education using movie media towards knowledge and attitude regarding PMTCT of HIV/AIDS (p = 0.001). However, there was no impact on behavior (p = 0.083). Conclusion: Health education through movie media was likely effective to improve knowledge and attitude towards HIV/AIDS-PMTCT but not for behavioral change.
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Keywords: Education Using Movie Media; HIV/AIDS; PMTCT

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Midwifery School of Magelang, Semarang Health Polytechnic—Central Java, 56102, Indonesia

Publication date: April 1, 2017

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