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Effectiveness of Movie to Improve Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior in Preventing HIV Transmission from Mother to Child

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Background: One of the breakthrough programs for dissemination of HIV/AIDS awareness is a prevention of Mother To Child Transmission (PMTCT). The promotion program has to be supported by the development of effective health education media such as a movie. The study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of health education using movie media upon knowledge, attitude and behavior on PMTCT of HIV/AIDS. Methods: This study was a pre-experimental study with one group pretest–posttest design. Subjects were 88 pregnant women registered in the Public Health Center of Parakan, Temanggung Regency, Central Java that were recruited using purposive-quota sampling. Questionnaire on knowledge and attitude had been proven valid and reliable on Product Moment Correlation test and Cronbach Alpha test respectively. Wilcoxon Signed Ranks test was applied with p value of 0.01. Results: There was significant influence of health education using movie media towards knowledge and attitude regarding PMTCT of HIV/AIDS (p = 0.001). However, there was no impact on behavior (p = 0.083). Conclusion: Health education through movie media was likely effective to improve knowledge and attitude towards HIV/AIDS-PMTCT but not for behavioral change.
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Keywords: Education Using Movie Media; HIV/AIDS; PMTCT

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Midwifery School of Magelang, Semarang Health Polytechnic—Central Java, 56102, Indonesia

Publication date: April 1, 2017

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  • ADVANCED SCIENCE LETTERS is an international peer-reviewed journal with a very wide-ranging coverage, consolidates research activities in all areas of (1) Physical Sciences, (2) Biological Sciences, (3) Mathematical Sciences, (4) Engineering, (5) Computer and Information Sciences, and (6) Geosciences to publish original short communications, full research papers and timely brief (mini) reviews with authors photo and biography encompassing the basic and applied research and current developments in educational aspects of these scientific areas.
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