Asset-Based Community Development (ABCD) Model: An Approach for Improving Environmental and Behavioral Health
Background: Developing healthy community in the coastal areas is an important aspect and a big challenge in public health’s concerns nowadays. The health problems that are faced by community specifically in the coastal areas are dominated by environmental issues and unhealthy behaviors. Most applied approaches were only focusing on health needs and health problems. Therefore, this study aimed (1) to identify environmental and behavioral health issues, and (2) to map the asset in dusun Cempae, Tongke–Tongke Village at Sinjai Regency. Method: Data were collected using asset-based community development approach including rapid surveys, Appreciative Inquiries (AI), Focus Group Discussions (FGD) and asset mapping. Results: The results showed the major environmental and behavioral health issues were the lack of latrine ownership, disposal of solid waste on canal, beach or sea and lack of sewerage system for the households. The other findings found that a number of assets in the community have been identified such as individual, organization and institution, physical and natural resources, religion and cultures and local economy to overcome issues of environmental and behavioral health. Identifying assets in the community can be the best solution for health needs in the community by changing their paradigm, looking their potential capacity, and not only focused on problems. Conclusion: The implementation of asset-based model could be a community engagement model for improving environmental and behavioral health in the coastal areas.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Public Health, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Alauddin Makassar, 92113, Indonesia
Publication date: April 1, 2017
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