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Malay Peninsula Traditional Pelangi Cloth: Innovation Technique and Process

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In early days the Pelangi cloth were developed and widely used in the ceremony and rituals at the local court since the 17th century. The textiles were also used extensively among the local traditional Malay community since the 19th century until the beginning of 20th century. Unfortunately, the industries of the Pelangi cloth began to experience a decline subsequently of the production and the industry of the Batik cloth around 1920’s and then became obsolete after 1930’s. The study establish that, the local communities today are less familiar and obscure regarding the aspects of the design, production and speciality of the traditional Pelangi cloth as it became archaic than the other types of local textiles. This research seeks to investigate on the aspects of the specialities of the local Pelangi cloth focusing on its background and history. Studies were also established from the reproduction and innovation of the Pelangi cloth affiliated with few other textiles techniques to examine its efficiency. This research was also supported by the practitioner feedbacks experienced from the reproduction of the Pelangi cloth, as well as survey results concerning of the design aspects and the appropriateness of the fabric to be redeveloped for its sustainability. The Triangulation methodology that combines a descriptive, practice base research through observation and survey approach has been used as a research methodology to obtain accurate and comprehensive research data. This research is expected to contribute to the development of knowledge and skills in the design and production of the local Pelangi cloth in particularly, within the field of design education and textile crafts of the local textile industry. Furthermore, hopefully this research will be use as a guide in restoring and expanding the production of the Malay Peninsula Pelangi cloth and its sustainability.
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Keywords: Heritage; Innovative; Malay Peninsula; Methods; Pelangi Cloth; Traditional

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Textile Design Department, Faculty of Art and Design, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Publication date: May 1, 2016

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