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Multilateralism in Central Asia and Implications to the Republic of Korea’s Foreign Policy: Focusing on the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Case

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This study aims to explore the Central Asian case of Multilateralism by focusing on the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and try to explain what kinds of implications it has for the Korean foreign policy, ‘Northeast Asia Peace and Cooperation Initiative (NAPCI)’ by Park Geun-Hye government. There are four conditions that should be considered in order to build a stable security regime; first, the great powers should be interested in and pursue security regime, second, the member states themselves should have confidence in sharing the value of mutual security and assistance. Third, each member state should be convinced that expansionism is not the best policy for common security. Fourth, participants should acknowledge the fact that the costs of conducting war or individual security are bigger than pursuing common security regime. Reflecting on the SCO case, active participation by U.S., China and other power states must be guaranteed for the real performance of a security regime in the Northeast Asia. Moreover, those powers should find out ways to resolve their conflict of interests in the region. In view of this, the future security regime in the Northeast Asia will also be a Superpower cooperation system led by U.S. and China. Such security regime is likely to deter arms race and to foster stability in the region.
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Keywords: Central Asia; Multilateralism; Republic of Korea (ROK); Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO); ‘Initiative Policy for Peace and Cooperation in Northeast Asia (NAPCI)’

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Hanshin University, Gyeonggido, 18101, Korea 2: Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, Gyeonggido, 17035, Korea

Publication date: November 1, 2016

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