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Perception Towards Specific Seating Arrangements to Promote On-Task Behavior Among Pupils in the Classroom

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The purpose of the study is to assess the perception of specific seating arrangements (clusters, pairs, rows, U-shape) in promoting on-task behavior among pupils in selected primary school in Selangor, Malaysia. The target populations are a group of year 5 (80 pupils) and 20 teachers whom are randomly selected. The instruments used in this study are questionnaires (distributed to the teachers and pupils) and the observation sheet. The data was gathered and analyzed to seek the teacher's perceptions of an ideal classroom setting, to identify on what extent does the pupils performs on-task behavior through the specific seating arrangements, to seek pupils' perceptions of an ideal classroom seating arrangement and to identify whether there is a correlation between the type of task given by the teacher and the collected pupil's behavior through specific seating arrangements. The result reveals that the teachers commonly arranged tables in pairs and rows arrangements in the classroom. Most of the students chose the clusters arrangement as their preferable type of seating arrangements during the observation phase. Clusters configuration had promoted the highest number of off-task behavior meanwhile rows configuration gave the least number of off-task behavior. There is also a correlation between tasks given by the teacher and the observed pupils' behavior. The more group activity is given, the more off-task behaviors occurred. However, the finding indicates that each seating arrangement are effective during certain lesson, there are no specific arrangement that effective for all lesson. Therefore, the increase of on-task behavior is most easily achieved when the seating arrangement matches the goal of the lesson.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2013

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