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Single-Ion Conductors for Lithium Batteries via Surface-Initiated Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization

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A benzyl chloride-terminated silane was grafted to the surface of fumed silica using a silanation reaction, such that single-ion conductors (SICs) were prepared via surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of a lithium sulfonate-containing monomer. The relatively high-surface loading of the SICs, compared with our previous results, was attributed to two advantages: the high specific surface area of the silica substrate and the effective chain growth of ATRP mechanism compared with previously employed free-radical polymerization (FRP) mechanism. Composite electrolytes were prepared by dispersing these SICs in propylene carbonate (PC) and the maximum room-temperature conductivity of 1.5×10–5 S cm–1 was obtained at 15 wt% filler content.
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Keywords: ATOM TRANSFER RADICAL POLYMERIZATION; ELECTROLYTES; LITHIUM BATTERIES; SILANATION; SINGLE-ION CONDUCTORS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2011

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