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The Conscious Behavior of Microbes in a Physical Environment: An Introspection

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Microbes have always been an integral part of fundamental of life on the earth. Microbes have adapted, evolved along with other living animals to survive efficaciously. To attain this status, they have gone through multiple series of changes in their intracellular and extracellular environment. They have now become smarter and pathogenic microbes are now capable to counter our strategy to control them. In order to understand what made these microbes intelligent enough to thrive throughout the whole process of evolution, this study was initiated. We attempted to explore the conscious behaviour in Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus thuringiensis, with reference to communication and effect of light and sound energy on their growth. Communication being a vital expression of conscious behaviour in microbes was studied in present investigation. We could observe that maintaining similar species of Bacillus together, the growth was promoted. However, two dissimilar species resulted in reduced growth. This implies that the microbes were able to communicate and could recognize self and different species in vicinity. Communication through energy exchange was later validated by Superconducting quantum interference device, where possible role of magnetic emission in communication was assessed. The observations support the concept of energy mediated microbial communication. Further, the effect of sound, white and green light on the growth rate of Bacillus subtilis was observed if light and sound alters the behaviour of growing bacterial culture. The combination of visible white light and sound (600 Hz) recorded to inhibit the growth of B. subtilis when exposed for a long duration. The sole treatment of sound, white light and green light separately could not produce significant inhibition or increase in growth rate compared to control. Thus, it may be concluded here that sound and light has a combined effect on the growth of culture, which is a significant evidence of conscious behaviour of microbes. However, this needs to be further validated by investigating in other microbes also.
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Keywords: COMMUNICATION; LIGHT; QUORUM SENSING; SOUND

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 January 2017

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  • Advanced Science, Engineering and Medicine (ASEM) is a science, engineering, technical and medical journal focused on the publishing of peer-reviewed multi-disciplinary research articles dealing with all fundamental and applied research aspects in the areas of (1) Physical Sciences, (2) Engineering, (3) Biological Sciences/Health Sciences, (4) Medicine, (5) Computer and Information Sciences, (6) Mathematical Sciences, (7) Agriculture Science and Engineering, (8) Geosciences, and (9) Energy/Fuels/Environmental/Green Science and Engineering.
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