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Medication Management; Hypertensive Crisis During a Home Visit

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This report describes a case of hypertensive crisis identified by two pharmacists conducting a patient home visit. A 72-year-old woman living in a rural town in Eastern Washington state was referred for a pharmacist home visit by her care coordinator, who had concerns of possible medication-related issues. The patient had a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, ischemic stroke, heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, hypothyroidism, and unspecified back pain. This patient also experienced additional challenges resulting from living in a rural and medically underserved community. During the home visit, the patient's chief complaint was recurrent, painful migraine headaches that she self-treated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication. Upon examination, the pharmacists found the patient's blood pressure to be 223/132 mm Hg and her self-monitoring log consistently showed blood pressure readings greater than 180/110 mm Hg with a pulse between 75 bpm to 80 bpm. The patient was referred to the emergency department after determining her blood pressure met criteria for hypertensive crisis despite her adherence to her current antihypertensive regimen. She was hospitalized for three days. After her hospitalization, she was referred to her primary care providers and her pharmacist for follow up. The pharmacist reconciled her current medication regimen and made guideline-directed adjustments to her antihypertensive medications. Six months after her hospitalization her blood pressure was within goal and associated headaches had resolved.
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Keywords: HOME VISIT; HYPERTENSIVE CRISIS; OLDER ADULT; RURAL AND UNDERSERVED

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2020

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  • The Senior Care Pharmacist® is the official peer-reviewed journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists. It is dedicated exclusively to the medication needs of the elderly in all settings, including adult day care, ambulatory care, assisted living, community, hospice, and nursing facilities. This award-winning journal is a member benefit of ASCP. Individuals who are not members and wish to receive The Senior Care Pharmacist® will want to consider joining ASCP.
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