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Pharmacist-Driven Step-Down of Long-Term Proton-Pump Inhibitor Therapy

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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the appropriateness of proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) prescribing and reduce the number of outpatients on long-term PPI therapy, defined as greater than or equal to one year.
DESIGN: Phase I was retrospective and evaluated the appropriateness of PPI prescribing. Phase II was prospective and involved implementation of a pharmacist-driven PPI step-down protocol.
SETTING: This study was conducted in an outpatient setting at Veterans Affairs Hudson Valley Health Care System.
PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS: Patients were limited to a single primary care provider and were required to fill an outpatient PPI prescription between August 15, 2015, and August 15, 2016.
INTERVENTIONS: After patients were identified in Phase I as having an inappropriate indication for long-term PPI therapy, they were contacted by a pharmacist to complete the step-down protocol. The patients then received a call two weeks after completing each step.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): To determine the number of patients without an indication for long-term PPI therapy that could successfully complete the PPI step-down protocol.
RESULTS: Phase I identified that long-term PPI therapy was not indicated in 68.4% of patients. Phase II implementation demonstrated that 71.4% of patients were able to successfully step-down from PPI therapy in an average of 13 weeks with the use of alternative acid-suppression therapy.
CONCLUSION: This study concluded that a majority of PPI prescriptions were not indicated for a duration of greater than or equal to 1 year. With the implementation of a pharmacist-driven PPI step-down protocol, a majority of patients were able to tolerate the PPI step-down with the use of alternative acidsuppression therapy.
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Keywords: ACID REFLUX; APPROPRIATE; GASTROINTESTINAL; OUTPATIENT; PROTON-PUMP INHIBITOR

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2019

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