Provider Education About Pneumococcal Vaccination Practices for Older Adults
OBJECTIVE: To describe an interdisciplinary academic detailing project implemented to address low pneumococcal immunization rates. SETTING: Two medical clinics and four community pharmacies in rural Washington state. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: The two medical clinics and four community pharmacies were all located in two rural counties and serve geographically large rural areas. PRACTICE INNOVATION: Academic detailing is an evidence-based approach designed to change clinical practice and improve decision-making. Our team utilized the academic detailing model to provide educational outreach to local rural health care providers. The detailing team visited each clinic and pharmacy on a defined schedule and provided information to physicians, clinic administrators, nurses, pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, medical assistants, and clinic front-end staff. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: The project team maintained detailed field notes from each academic detailing the visit and met to debrief about each encounter. From the field notes, through the process of thematic analysis and analytic memoing, the project team produced a list of "lessons learned" that could be used to guide other interprofessional teams wishing to embark on an academic detailing project. RESULTS: We have identified four key "lessons learned": Interprofessional team members bring different strengths to the project; using same-discipline team members paved the way for success; involving students aids in educating future practitioners in interprofessional practice; and scheduling meetings in advance is important. CONCLUSION: We described an approach to enhanced academic detailing using interprofessional team delivery, bringing interprofessional practice into the real-world practice setting.
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