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Open Access The Conditions of Female Students Studying Architecture in Egypt: The Need for Gendersensitive Studio

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For centuries, men have dominated the field of architecture. In Egypt, despite the increase in the number of female students enrolled in the departments of architecture, this area of education continues to be predominantly masculine. This inquiry explores the extent and impact of the gender inequality in the architectural domain in Egypt using qualitative research tools. It examines the context as well as the processes of teaching architecture in the design studio. The paper attempts to shed light on the real-life difficulties that female architectural students face, particularly in rural Egypt. The cultural and social barriers, especially in these rural regions, seem to have a significant impact on the education of female students. As a physical environment, the studio is not responsive to the needs of both male and female students and has more of an impact on the women as they lack needed privacy to rest and take-off their veil. As an area for social interaction, practices within the studio, such as juries, are among the causes for students' discontent. In the jury, negative comments and harsh language that some staff members use upset the majority of both male and female students. The analysis indicates that these practices affect the women more. The study reveals significant differences between the urban and rural regions.

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Keywords: ARCHITECTURAL EDUCATION; EGYPT; GENDER; JURY; RURAL; STUDIO; URBAN

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2018

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