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Evaluation of Serum as a Potential Matrix for Multiresidue Determination of Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics in Chicken Using Liquid Chromatography-Fluorescence-Mass Spectrometryn

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An efficient multiresidue method was successfully applied to the determination of fluoroquinolones (FQs) in chicken serum. In this method, FQs are extracted from matrix with ammoniacal acetonitrile, and the extracts are defatted and then evaporated. After addition of basic phosphate buffer and filtration, the samples are analyzed by liquid chromatography-fluorescence-mass spectrometryn (multiple mass spectrometry; MSn). This approach allows for simultaneous quantitation (fluorescence) and confirmation (MSn) of the FQs. Using this method, 8 FQs were determined in fortified chicken serum at levels of 10, 20, 50, and 100 ng/g. Recoveries ranged from 7199, with excellent relative standard deviations (<10). Limits of quantitation for the FQs ranged from 0.055 ng/g. Confirmation was achieved by comparison of MS2 or MS3 product ion ratios with those of standard FQ samples. These quantitative and confirmatory results were compared with those obtained for muscle using this approach. Serum and muscle samples from enrofloxacin-dosed chickens were also analyzed with this method. The results show that enrofloxacin can be determined in both serum and muscle of chickens dosed at a level formerly approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, for up to at least 48 h after withdrawal from dosing, and suggest that serum can provide an efficient matrix for monitoring FQ levels in chicken.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Eastern Regional Research Center, 600 E. Mermaid Ln, Wyndmoor, PA 19038. 2: University of Arkansas, Department of Poultry Science, Fayetteville, AR 72701.

Publication date: November 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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