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Simultaneous Determination of Cu(II) and Ag(I) on SP Sephadex C25 as Complexes with 1-Phenyl-1,2-Propanedione-2-Oximethiosemicarbazone by Derivative Spectrophotometry

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A simple, rapid, and sensitive method has been developed for the simultaneous determination of trace amounts of copper and silver using 1-phenyl-1,2-propanedione-2-oximethiosemicarbazone (PPDOT) as a chromogenic reagent. The proposed method was based on retention and preconcentration of the complexes Cu(II)PPDOT and Ag(I)PPDOT on a solid phase in acid medium. The complexes were quantitatively retained in the cation exchanger SP Sephadex C25, and the analytical measurements were executed directly in the solid phase by derivative spectrophotometry. In this simultaneous determination, the second derivative and the zero crossing method were used. The determination of copper and silver was carried out to 321.0 and 427.0 nm, respectively. In order to obtain quantitative recoveries of the metal ions, various experimental analytical parameters, such as pH, stirring time, volume, and amount of solid phase, were optimized. The effect of interfering ions on the determination was described. The recovery values for Cu(II) and Ag(I) were found to be >98, and the relative standard deviation was 2. The detection limits (3 criterion) for Cu(II) and Ag(I) were found to be 0.9 108 and 13 108 M, respectively. The developed method was utilized for preconcentration and determination of Cu(II) and Ag(I) in industrial effluents and natural water samples. The results were consistent with those provided by inductively coupled plasma/mass spectrometry.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Chile, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Chemistry, PO Box 653, Santiago, Chile.

Publication date: November 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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