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Original Normal-Phase High-Performance Liquid Chromatographic Separation of Monoacylglycerol Classes from Extra Virgin Olive Oil Triacylglycerols for Their Stereospecific Analysis

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An innovative procedure to separate the 3 isomeric sn-monoacylglycerols (MAG) classes (sn-1-, sn-2-, sn-3-MAG) is described. MAGs, obtained by chemical deacylation of triacylglycerols (TAGs), have been derivatized with (S)-(+)-1-(1-naphtyl)- ethyl-isocyanate, and the resulting urethane derivatives have been separated by normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. This procedure allows resolution as diasteroisomers of the 2 enantiomeric classes (sn-1-MAG and sn-3-MAG), without the need of a chiral column, and to separate also the isomeric sn-2-MAG class; moreover, by introducing a chromophoric moiety, this reagent makes possible the ultraviolet detection of the analyte molecules. This procedure has been used to obtain the stereospecific analysis of the TAG fraction of extra virgin olive oil samples. The use of a nondestructive detector permitted the collection of the individual urethane classes; the fatty acid composition of each was determined by high-resolution gas chromatography, obtaining directly from the data the fatty acid distribution within each sn- position of TAGs. To validate this new method, the results have been compared with those obtained by 2 other procedures for TAG stereospecific analysis, and the obtained results were satisfactory since the proposed method gave data very similar to the other procedures.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Perugia, Department of Economic Science and Food Sciences, Section of Food Chemistry and Analysis, Via San Costanzo, I-06126, Perugia, Italy.

Publication date: November 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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