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In Vitro and In Vivo Digestibility of Native Maize Starch Granules Varying in Amylose Contents

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Digestibility of maize starch granules with different amylose content (AL-0, 22, 54, 68, 80, or 90) was investigated. Measurement of the in vivo resistant starch (RS) content of the starches was performed using surgically prepared ileorectostomized rats. The rats were fed a purified diet containing one of the starches at 652.5 g/kg diet. The in vivo RS content was determined based on the fecal starch excretion. The dietary fiber (DF) value increased as a function of the amylose content in the starch and showed a positive linear correlation with the gelatinization temperature of the granules. In contrast, the in vitro RS content was likely to depend on both the surface area and amylose contents of the starch granules. The maximum in vitro RS content was obtained with AL-68 (54.4). In vivo RS content showed a significant correlation with the amount of in vitro RS but not in respect to the DF detected. The in vivo RS content of AL-68 (43.4) was higher than that found in AL-90 (37.8). A profound gap was observed for AL-54 between the amount of DF (6.4) and RS (in vitro = 46.6 and in vivo = 40.9) present. The results suggest that both in vitro and in vivo digestibility of maize starch is affected by the amylose content and surface area of the granules. The current evaluation suggests that the physiological occurrence of RS from maize starch might be predictable by reference to the in vitro RS value.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Shizuoka University, Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, 836 Ohya, Shizuoka 422-8529, Japan. 2: University of Wollongong, Smart Food Center, Faculty of Health and Behavioral Science, NSW 2522, Australia. 3: Research Institute, Nihon Shokuhin Kako Co., Ltd, 30 Tajima Fuji, Shizuoka 417-8530, Japan. 4: The University of Shizuoka, Faculty of Nutritional Sciences, Yada 52-1, Shizuoka 422-8526, Japan.

Publication date: November 1, 2007

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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