Stability-Indicating Methods for Determination of Tiapride in Pure Form, Pharmaceutical Preparation, and Human Plasma
Four different stability-indicating procedures are described for determination of tiapride in pure form, dosage form, and human plasma. Second derivative (D2), first derivative of ratio spectra (1DD), spectrofluorimetric, and high-performance column liquid chromatographic (LC) methods are proposed for determination of tiapride in presence of its acid-induced degradation products, namely 2-methoxy-5-(methylsulfonyl) benzoic acid and 2-diethylaminoethylamine. These approaches were successfully applied to quantify tiapride using the information included in the absorption, excitation, and emission spectra of the appropriate solutions. In the D2 method, Beer's law was obeyed in the concentration range of 1.59 g/mL with a mean recovery of 99.94 1.38% at 253.4 nm using absolute ethanol as a solvent. In 1DD, which is based on the simultaneous use of the first derivative of ratio spectra and measurement at 245 nm in absolute ethanolic solution, Beer's law was obeyed over a concentration range of 1.59 g/mL with mean recovery 99.64 1.08%. The spectrofluorimetric method is based on the determination of tiapride native fluorescence at 339 nm emission wavelength and 230 nm excitation wavelength using watermethanol (8 + 2, v/v). The calibration curve was linear over the range of 0.23 g/mL with mean recovery of 99.66 1.46%. This method was also applied for determination of tiapride in human plasma. A reversed-phase LC method performed at ambient temperature was validated for determination of tiapride using methanoldeionized watertriethylamine (107 + 93 + 0.16, v/v/v) as the mobile phase. Sulpiride was used as an internal standard at a flow rate of 1 mL/min with ultraviolet detection at 214 nm. A linear relation was obtained over a concentration range of 230 g/mL with mean recovery of 99.66 0.9%. Results were statistically analyzed and compared with those obtained by applying the reference method. They proved both accuracy and precision.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Cairo University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Analytical Chemistry Department, Kasr El-Aini St, 11562, Cairo, Egypt.
Publication date: November 1, 2007
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