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Convenient Analysis of Vitamin D in Cheese and Other Food Matrixes by Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

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A convenient method is presented for determination of vitamin D in natural cheese, processed cheese, milk, cereals, noncarbonated soft drinks, and juice by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). Samples were saponified, extracted, evaporated, redissolved in acetonitrile, and injected into an LC-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-MS system with no preparative chromatographic steps. Vitamin D was determined by selected ion monitoring. MS response was linear for vitamin D3 and its internal standard vitamin D2, and overall average recoveries ranged from 98 to 105. A blending experiment in which shredded vitamin D3-fortified cheddar was mixed with control nonfortified cheddar showed linearity. The limit of detection for vitamin D was 1.3 ng and the limit of quantitation was 3 ng. The method gave good accuracy and precision, with a standard deviation of 9.5 and relative standard deviation of 6.7. Results for vitamin D3 obtained with this method for different food matrixes, at different levels, were in agreement with those obtained with the reference LC/UV method currently used by many laboratories and derived from AOAC Official Method 982.29.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Kraft Foods, Physical and Chemical Characterization, 200 Deforest Ave, East Hanover, NJ 07936.

Publication date: September 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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