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UV Partial Least-Squares Calibration and Liquid Chromatographic Methods for Direct Quantitation of Levofloxacin in Urine

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Levofloxacin was determined in human urine samples by application of a spectrophotometric multivariate calibration partial least-squares (PLS-1) method. A calibration set consisting of standards was prepared by using a multilevel multifactor experimental design. In order to ensure accurate results, the calibration matrix included a urine sample free of levofloxacin (i.e., urine blank). The components of the calibration matrix were levofloxacin and urine. The concentration of levofloxacin ranged from 0.5 to 16.5 g/mL. Different urine concentrations were used as the second component of the calibration matrix in order to include the information inherent in the changes in the UV spectrum for urine upon dilution. In addition, a high-performance liquid chromatographic method was proposed. In this method, a Shim-pack amino column was used at ambient temperature with a mobile phase of 25 mM potassium dihydrogen phosphate (pH adjusted to 3.1 with phosphoric acid)acetonitrile (70 + 30, v/v), and the flow rate was 1 mL/min. UV detection at 293 nm was used for quantitation. The proposed methods were applied to the determination of the dissolution rate for tablets containing levofloxacin. The urinary excretion pattern for the cumulative amount of levoflacin excreted was also calculated.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Suez Canal University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry Department, Ismailia 41522, Egypt. 2: Suez Canal Authority, Ismailia 41515, Egypt.

Publication date: September 1, 2007

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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