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Stability-Indicating Method for Determination of Oxyphenonium Bromide and Its Degradation Product by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

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A high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method was developed for determination of oxyphenonium bromide (OX) and its degradation product. The method was based on the HPLC separation of OX from its degradation product, using a cyanopropyl column at ambient temperature with mobile phase of acetonitrile25 mM potassium dihydrogen phosphate, pH 3.4 (50 + 50, v/v). UV detection at 222 nm was used for quantitation based on peak area. The method was applied to the determination of OX and its degradation product in tablets. The proposed method was also used to investigate the kinetics of the acidic and alkaline degradation of OX at different temperatures, and the apparent pseudo first-order rate constant, half-life, and activation energy were calculated. The pH-rate profile of the degradation of OX in Britton-Robinson buffer solutions within the pH range 212 was studied.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Suez Canal University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry Department, Ismailia 41522, Egypt.

Publication date: September 1, 2007

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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