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Liquid Chromatographic Determination of Honokiol and Magnolol in Hou Po (Magnolia officinalis) as the Raw Herb and Dried Aqueous Extract

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A validated analytical method is described for the determination of honokiol and magnolol in Hou Po (Magnolia officinalis) as the dried raw herb and the commercially prepared dried aqueous extract. The samples were extracted with methanol by the Soxhlet method, and the extract was analyzed by liquid chromatography with photodiode array (LC/PDA) detection with confirmation of analyte identity by negative-ion electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS). A C18 column was used with a menthanol0.1 aqueous acetic acid gradient mobile phase. Honokiol and magnolol were quantified at 288 nm. With the MS detector, the honokiol precursor ion at m/z 265 was shown to produce ions at m/z 222 and 224. For magnolol, the precursor ion at m/z 265 produced the ions at m/z 247 and 245. Comparable results were obtained for the LC/PDA and LC/ESI-MS/MS methods of quantitation. Six commercially prepared dried aqueous extracts were analyzed. The levels of honokiol and magnolol found in the raw herb were 17.0 and 21.3 mg/g, respectively. The limits of detection for honokiol and magnolol in the raw herb were 0.45 and 0.58 mg/g, respectively, and in the dried aqueous extract, 0.04 and 0.30 mg/g, respectively.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Western Sydney, Herbal Analysis Laboratory, Centre for Complementary Medicine Research, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith South DC, NSW, 1797 Australia.

Publication date: September 1, 2007

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  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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