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Single-Laboratory Validation of the Biosense Direct Competitive Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) for Determination of Domoic Acid Toxins in Shellfish

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Method validation was conducted for an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the determination of domoic acid (DA) toxins, known to give amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP) symptoms, in shellfish. The calibration curve range of the assay is approximately 10260 pg/mL, with a dynamic working range for DA toxins in shellfish from 0.01 to at least 250 mg/kg. The ASP ELISA showed no significant cross-reactivity to structural analogs, and proved to be robust to deliberate alterations of the optimal running conditions. The shellfish matrix effects observed with mussels, oysters, and scallops were eliminated by diluting shellfish extracts 1:200 prior to analysis, leading to a limit of detection at 0.003 mg/kg. Thirteen blank shellfish homogenates were spiked with certified mussel material containing DA to levels in the range of 0.125 mg DA/kg, and analyzed in quadruplicate on 3 different days. The relative standard deviation (RSD) under intra-assay repeatability conditions ranged from 6.5 to 13.1%, and under interassay repeatability conditions the RSD ranged from 5.7 to 13.4%, with a mean value of 9.3%. The recoveries ranged from 85.5 to 106.6%, with a mean recovery of 102.2%. A method comparison was conducted with liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection, using naturally contaminated scallop samples (n = 27) with DA levels at 0244 mg/kg. The overall correlation coefficient was 0.960 and the slope of the regression was 1.218, indicating a good agreement between the methods.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Biosense Laboratories AS, HIB-Thormhlensgate 55, NO-5008 Bergen, Norway. 2: AgResearch Ltd, Ruakura, East St, Hamilton, New Zealand.

Publication date: July 1, 2007

More about this publication?
  • The Journal of AOAC INTERNATIONAL publishes refereed papers and reviews in the fields of chemical, biological and toxicological analytical chemistry for the purpose of showcasing the most precise, accurate and sensitive methods for analysis of foods, food additives, supplements and contaminants, cosmetics, drugs, toxins, hazardous substances, pesticides, feeds, fertilizers and the environment available at that point in time. The scope of the Journal includes unpublished original research describing new analytical methods, techniques and applications; improved approaches to sampling, both in the field and the laboratory; better methods of preparing samples for analysis; collaborative studies substantiating the performance of a given method; statistical techniques for evaluating data. The Journal will also publish other articles of general interest to its audience, e.g., technical communications; cautionary notes; comments on techniques, apparatus, and reagents.
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