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High-Speed Rail and Urban Transformation in China:The Case of Hangzhou East Rail Station

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China has impressed the rest of the world with the huge scale and speed of implementation of its high-speed rail (HSR) network, which is expected to reshape the country's economic geography and assist the rapid urbanization and industrialization process. However, the current practice, i.e. suburbanization of HSR stations with new town development, large-scale and airport-style HSR stations, has given rise to a series of critical issues. This paper reviews the background and highlights the features commonly shared by most newly developed HSR stations. A case study of Hangzhou East Rail station (HERS) is presented to reveal four key issues: intercity accessibility, intra-urban accessibility, new town development, and social segregation. Four recommendations arise from the issues discussed in the paper, namely the need for a prospective vista of the future on the relationship between transport accessibility and urban development over the long-term; a practical design philosophy based on reasonable consumption of resources and well-integrated station space and circulation; a proposed loop line to improve the accessibility to and from HERS so as to serve the polycentric urban centres in Hangzhou be er; and widening the participation, cooperation, and dialogue among the various stakeholders during the decision-making process.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2013

More about this publication?
  • Built Environment is published quarterly in March, June, September and December. With an emphasis on crossing disciplinary boundaries and providing global perspective, each issue focuses on a single subject of contemporary interest to practitioners, academics and students working in a wide range of disciplines. Issues are guest-edited by established international experts who not only commission contributions, but also oversee the peer-reviewing process in collaboration with the Editors.

    Subject areas include: architecture; conservation; economic development; environmental planning; health; housing; regeneration; social issues; spatial planning; sustainability; urban design; and transport. All issues include reviews of recent publications.

    The journal is abstracted in Geo Abstracts, Sage Urban Studies Abstracts, and Journal of Planning Literature, and is indexed in the Avery Index to Architectural Publications.

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