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Tiltrotor Simulations with Coupled Flight Dynamics, State-Space Aeromechanics, and Aeroacoustics

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This article describes the development, implementation, and validation of a generic tilt-rotor simulation model with coupled flight dynamics, state-variable aeromechanics, and aeroacoustics. A major novelty of this work lies in the integration of the flight dynamics with a state-space free-vortex wake code that adopts a near-wake vortex-lattice model. This way, the flight dynamics are augmented by the vortex wake dynamics so that the coupled flight and wake dynamics are self-contained and inherently linearizable. The model is implemented for a Bell XV-15 tiltrotor and validated against U.S. Army/NASA XV-15 flight-test data and other data in the literature. Flight control design is performed to provide desired stability, performance, and handling-quality properties and to allow for a fully autonomous transition between hover in helicopter mode and high-speed flight in aircraft mode. The simulation model has clear applications in the development and testing of advanced flight control laws, aeromechanics analysis, and the prediction of aerodynamically generated noise in generalized maneuvering flight.

Appeared or available online: August 10, 2023

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