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Synthesis of a Bi-functional Cationic Agent and its Application in Cotton Dyeing

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A bi-functional cationic agent was synthesized and was applied for cationization of cotton fabric. Pad-batch and exhaustion application processes were compared and dyeing levelness, adsorption isotherm, and effect of Na2CO3 on fastness were discussed. Results showed that the bi-functional cationic agent treated fabrics showed similar dye-uptake and slightly higher fastness than fabrics treated with a commercial mono-reactive cationic agent when applied by a pad-batch process, but displayed a higher color yield when the two agents were applied in an exhaust application.
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Keywords: Bi-functional Cationic Agent; Cationization; Cotton; Reactive Dyeing; Synthesis

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2014

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