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Illustrated Information for Parent Education: Parent and Patient Responses

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of using illustrations, when educating parents about their child's upcoming operative appointment, on parents' and child patients' responses to the treatment. Methods: Data were collected from 189 parents of 4- to 10-year-old pediatric dental patients who needed operative treatment. The parents received information about their child's upcoming operative visit either verbally or with the support of standardized illustrations (flip chart), and/or individualized drawings. Parents and providers responded to surveys following the operative appointments. Results: Verbally informed parents were more likely to (a) miss the operative appointment (47% vs 19%/16%/10%; P<.001) and (b) remain in the operatory during treatment (47% vs 18%/26%/19%; P<.01) than parents who received standardized illustrations, individualized illustrations, or both illustrations. The patients whose parents had received verbal information behaved more negatively than the children whose parents had received illustrative information. Overall, Frankl behavior ratings ranged from 1="definitely negative" to 4="definitely positive" (3.30 vs 3.54; P=.04). Conclusions: Educating parents about the basic disease process of dental caries with the aid of illustrations increased parents' cooperation with the recommended dental treatment for their children and improved their children's behavior during the treatment.
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Keywords: CHILDREN; HEALTH LITERACY; OPERATIVE APPOINTMENTS; ORAL HEALTH EDUCATION; PARENT EDUCATION; TREATMENT COOPERATION

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Friends of Family Health Center, Institute of Healthcare Advancement, La Habra, Calif, USA 2: Co-Owner of a pediatric dentistry practice, Rochester Hill, Mich, USA; Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, University of Michigan– School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA 3: Samuel D. Harris Collegiate Professor of Dentistry and Professor of Dentistry, Department of Biologic and Materials Science, University of Michigan– School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA 4: Clinical director of the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Mott Children's Health Center, Flint, Mich, USA; Department of Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry, University of Michigan– School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA 5: Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, University of Michigan– School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA; Department of Psychology, in the College of Literature, Science and Arts, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA. [email protected]

Publication date: July 1, 2010

More about this publication?
  • Pediatric Dentistry is the official publication of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and the College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. It is published bi-monthly and is internationally recognized as the leading journal in the area of pediatric dentistry. The journal promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. This peer-reviewed journal features scientific articles, case reports and abstracts of current pediatric dental research.
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