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Mineral Trioxide Aggregate Produces Superior Outcomes in Vital Primary Molar Pulpotomy

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcomes of vital primary molar pulpotomy when there is no direct contact between eugenol and the vital pulp. Four pulpotomy techniques were compared: (1) ferric sulfate (FS) pulpotomy; (2) eugenol-free FS pulpotomy; (3) mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) pulpotomy; and (4) FS/MTA pulpotomy. Methods: The pulpotomy technique assigned to each molar was determined by random selection. Two blinded, disinterested raters classified each molar into 1 of 3 radiographic outcomes: (1) N=normal molar without pathologic change; (2) Po=pathologic change present, follow-up recommended; (3) Px=pathologic change present, extract. Results: A total of 92 patients with 227 pulpotomy-treated molars returned for at least 1 recall examination. Median follow-up for molars was 24 months (range=12-38 months). MTA molars demonstrated significantly fewer Px radiographic outcomes than FS molars (P=.002, chi-square test). Eugenol-free FS molars demonstrated significantly more Px radiographic outcomes than MTA (P<.001, chi-square test) or FS/MTA (P=.002, chi-square test) molars. Significantly lower survival was demonstrated for eugenol-free FS molars compared to MTA molars (P=.02, log-rank test) over 6 to 38 months. Conclusions: Outcomes for mineral trioxide aggregate pulpotomy were superior to ferric sulfate and eugenol-free ferric sulfate pulpotomy after a median follow-up of 2 years.
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Keywords: FERRIC SULFATE; MINERAL TRIOXIDE AGGREGATE; PULPOTOMY; ZINC OXIDE-EUGENOL

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: IWKHealth Center, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada; Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada., Email: [email protected]

Publication date: January 1, 2010

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  • Pediatric Dentistry is the official publication of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and the College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. It is published bi-monthly and is internationally recognized as the leading journal in the area of pediatric dentistry. The journal promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. This peer-reviewed journal features scientific articles, case reports and abstracts of current pediatric dental research.
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