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Dental Health and Treatment in a Group of Children with Congenital Heart Disease

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Purposes: The purposes of this study were to: (1) determine the prevalence of dental caries and developmental enamel defects in children with congenital heart (CHD) disease; and (2) evaluate previous dental treatment. Methods: One hundred and seventy-six 2- to 16-year-old children were examined during their outpatient cardiology appointment. The study group consisted of 86 CHD children. Sixty healthy children formed the control group. Results: Mean dmft and DMFT scores were 1.57 (±3.01 SD) and 0.77 (±1.42) for the study group and 1.81 (±3.64) and 0.38 (±1.16) for the control group, respectively. Eight out of 86 CHD children and 5 out of 60 healthy children had enamel defects on their permanent teeth. No significant differences were demonstrated between the 2 groups. The care index for primary teeth was 10% for the study group and 3% for the control group. In permanent dentition, the care index was 30% and 16%, respectively. Conclusions: Children with and without congenital heart disease had similar levels of dental disease. The care index for primary teeth was higher in CHD children, although the overall level was very low.
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Keywords: DENTAL CARE; DENTAL CARIES; DENTAL ENAMEL; DENTAL TREATMENT; HEART DEFECTS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Pediatric Dentistry is the official publication of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and the College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. It is published bi-monthly and is internationally recognized as the leading journal in the area of pediatric dentistry. The journal promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. This peer-reviewed journal features scientific articles, case reports and abstracts of current pediatric dental research.
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