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In Vitro Staining of Resin Composites by Liquids Ingested by Children

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the influence of various children's drinks on the discoloration of dental resin composites. Methods: Ninety-six disks (3-mm thick, 10 mm in diameter) were prepared from 3 types of composite: (1) submicron; (2) nano; and (3) microhybrid. After polishing and obtaining baseline data, they were equally divided into 4 groups and immersed into 1 of 4 liquids at 37°C: (1) distilled water; (2) Kool-Aid Jammers (grape flavor); (3) Coca-Cola; or (4) snow cone syrup (banana flavor). On days 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15, the samples were measured again for color. On day 18, they were measured for both color and gloss. Results: Overall, the color change during the staining procedure was minimal (ΔEab<1.67) for all 3 composites, although it appeared that Tetric EvoCeram had the least discoloration. Using 3-way analysis of variance and linear regression analysis, only Estelite Σ in Coca-Cola showed a statistically significant linear relationship between discoloration and stain time. Conclusions: Three composites reacted differently in various staining solutions. During this study, the 4 solutions did not discolor any of the composites in a way that was clinically significant. Tetric EvoCeram may be the most stain resistant material among the 3 tested.
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Keywords: BEVERAGES; DISCOLORATION; ESTHETICS; RESIN COMPOSITE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2008

More about this publication?
  • Pediatric Dentistry is the official publication of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and the College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. It is published bi-monthly and is internationally recognized as the leading journal in the area of pediatric dentistry. The journal promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. This peer-reviewed journal features scientific articles, case reports and abstracts of current pediatric dental research.
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