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Oral Manifestations of a Possible New Periodic Fever Syndrome

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Periodic fever syndrome is composed of a group of disorders that present with recurrent predictable episodes of fever, which may be accompanied by: (1) lymphadenopathy; (2) malaise; (3) gastrointestinal disturbances; (4) arthralgia; (5) stomatitis; and (6) skin lesions. These signs and symptoms occur in distinct intervals every 4 to 6 weeks and resolve without any residual effect, and the patient remains healthy between attacks. The evaluation must exclude: (1) infections; (2) neoplasms; and (3) autoimmune conditions.

The purpose of this paper is to report the case of a 4½-year-old white female who presented with a history of periodic fevers accompanied by: (1) joint pain; (2) skin lesions; (3) rhinitis; (4) vomiting; (5) diarrhea; and (6) an unusual asymptomatic, marked, fiery red glossitis with features evolving to resemble geographic tongue and then resolving completely between episodes. This may represent the first known reported case in the literature of a periodic fever syndrome presenting with such unusual recurring oral findings.
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Keywords: GEOGRAPHIC TONGUE; MOUTH LESIONS; PERIODIC FEVER; STOMATITIS

Document Type: Case Report

Publication date: July 1, 2007

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  • Pediatric Dentistry is the official publication of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and the College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. It is published bi-monthly and is internationally recognized as the leading journal in the area of pediatric dentistry. The journal promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. This peer-reviewed journal features scientific articles, case reports and abstracts of current pediatric dental research.
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