Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Acute Ethanol Toxicity from Ingesting Mouthwash in Children Younger Than Age 6, 1989-2003

Buy Article:

$32.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Or sign up for a free trial

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) reports of suspected overingestion of mouthwash by children under age 6 and examine the effect of a 1995 Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) rule requiring child-resistant packaging for mouthwashes containing at least 3 g (0.11 oz) of ethanol per package.

Methods: The volume of ethanol ingested per kg of body weight was computed for children at the 5th, 50th, and 95th percentiles. The potentially toxic and potentially lethal volumes of 100% ethanol at each weight were also determined. The authors used segmented regression to test the difference in slopes between 1989 to 1996 (preintervention) and 1996 to 2003 (postintervention).

Results: Incidence of overingestion rose from a low of 12.7 per 100,000 (1991) to 20.7 (1996). The increase ended with the adoption of the CPSC rule, declining to 16.8 per 100,000 in 2001 and rising to 17.9 in 2003.

Conclusions: This study's analysis suggests that the CPSC rule requiring child-resistant packaging on containers of mouthwash containing 3 g or more of ethanol has been successful in reducing AAPCC's reports of mouthwash overingestion. Health care providers should take a more active role by informing parents of the dangers associated with accidental ingestion of ethanol-containing mouthwash. Manufacturers should print warnings about the potential hazard of high ethanol concentrations on labels more prominent and they should stop producing mouthwashes with such high concentrations of ethanol. Moreover, they should also consider discontinuing packaging mouthwash in large containers.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: CHILDREN; CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION; ETHANOL TOXICITY; MOUTHWASH; TOXIC EXPOSURE SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 September 2006

More about this publication?
  • Pediatric Dentistry is the official publication of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry and the College of Diplomates of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry. It is published bi-monthly and is internationally recognized as the leading journal in the area of pediatric dentistry. The journal promotes the practice, education and research specifically related to the specialty of pediatric dentistry. This peer-reviewed journal features scientific articles, case reports and abstracts of current pediatric dental research.
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more