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Open Access Lung Lobe Torsion in an Adult Male Common Marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)

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A 6-y-old, intact, pair-housed male common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) presented with acute onset dyspnea and tachypnea immediately after sedation with alfaxalone; a history of gradual weight loss initiated the examination under sedation. Thoracic radiographs revealed significant right-lung consolidation, with a vesicular gas pattern in the right caudodorsal lung field, pleural effusion, and dorsal displacement of the heart. The marmoset was euthanized due to his unstable condition and poor prognosis. At necropsy, the cranial and middle lobes of the right lung were homogenously dark red-brown, enlarged, edematous, and twisted around the longitudinal axis at the hilus. The left lung lobes were pale pink and slightly edematous. In light of the clinical and gross necropsy findings, acute torsion of the right cranial and middle lung lobes was diagnosed. Predisposing conditions for lung lobe torsion include trauma, neoplasia, pulmonary disease, previous thoracic surgery, and diaphragmatic hernia, but none of these applied to this case. Initial therapy for lung lobe torsion is to stabilize the patient and treat for underlying conditions, with prompt surgical resection as the treatment of choice. To our knowledge, this report is the first description of lung lobe torsion in an experimentally unmanipulated New World NHP.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Division of Comparative Medicine, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 2: Division of Comparative Medicine, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: August 1, 2018

This article was made available online on July 16, 2018 as a Fast Track article with title: "Lung Lobe Torsion in an Adult Male Common Marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)".

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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