Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Open Access Using the Oculocardiac Reflex to Characterize Autonomic Imbalance in a Naturally Occurring Canine Model of Valvular Insufficiency

Download Article:
(PDF 306.5 kb)
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is characterized by reduced heart rate variability. Although various methods to achieve parasympathetic withdrawal and sympathetic activation have been documented, stimulation of the vagal nerve (that is, vagal maneuvers) has not often been used to assess the autonomic impairment associated with disease progression in veterinary species. In this study, we investigated cardiac autonomic control in a naturally occurring canine model of mitral insufficiency by means of individual responses to oculocardiac reflex. Indices of heart rate variability were calculated from 5-min ECG tracings obtained before and after ocular compression. After compression, significant increases in the standard deviation of RR intervals, root mean square of the successive differences in RR intervals, and vasovagal tonus index were documented in healthy control animals. In addition, these indices were increased in asymptomatic dogs with remodeled hearts, but no variation occurred in symptomatic animals. Although only the percentage change in vasovagal tonus index differed significantly between controls and diseased dogs, all other parameters showed a tendency to behave the opposite way in the symptomatic group as in the control and asymptomatic groups. Our results document CHF-dependent autonomic dysfunction in a canine model of valve insufficiency.
No References for this article.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Laboratory of Comparative Cardiology, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil., Email: [email protected] 2: Laboratory of Comparative Cardiology, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil

Publication date: April 1, 2018

More about this publication?
  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

    Attention Members: To access the full text of the articles, be sure you are logged in to the AALAS website.

    Attention: please note, due to a temporary technical problem, reference linking within the content is not available at this time

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • For issues prior to 1998
  • Institutional Subscription Activation
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more