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Open Access Duodenal Cannulation in Pigs (Sus scrofa) as a Drug Delivery Method

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Currently available animal models for delivery of drug capsules and pharmacokinetic testing are limited by either intersubject variability in gastric emptying time or the need to sedate animals when using targeted delivery methods of drug capsules. With the increasing development of large-molecule biologics, better in vivo models for testing the pharmacokinetics of capsule-delivered drugs are urgently needed. To this end, we made engineering modifications to an existing bovine surgical cannula device, successfully implanted this modified cannula into pigs, and delivered drug capsules directly to the proximal duodenum. In our porcine model, capsule insertion and serial blood samples were all acquired without the use of sedatives. Furthermore, we were able to maintain cannulated pigs for weekly pharmacokinetic testing for more than 18 mo, with minimal postoperative complications. This study demonstrates a novel and effective porcine model of sedation-free drug delivery and blood collection that eliminates inconsistencies associated with models that require either gastric emptying or animal sedation.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Surgical and Interventional Research Laboratories of Tufts Medical Center and Division of Laboratory Animal Medicine, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts;, Email: [email protected] 2: Surgical and Interventional Research Laboratories of Tufts Medical Center and Division of Laboratory Animal Medicine, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts 3: Division of Comparative Medicine, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts

Publication date: February 1, 2018

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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