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Open Access Cutaneous Dermatophilosis in a Meadow Jumping Mouse (Zapus hudsonius)

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A laboratory-housed, wild-caught, subadult, male meadow jumping mouse (Zapus hudsonius) presented with extensive scaling of the face, limbs, and tail and severe edema of the paws. Postmortem examination revealed marked distal limb edema with focal digital hematomas and white scales, scabs, and crusts affecting the majority of nonhaired skin. Histopathologic analysis revealed severe, multifocal, chronic-active exudative and proliferative dermatitis characterized by multilaminated crusts covering the epidermis. The epidermis was expanded by hyperkeratosis, acanthosis, and hyperplasia. The superficial dermis contained moderate edema, hemorrhage, and pigmentary incontinence, and was infiltrated by granulocytes and mononuclear cells. The laminated crusts contained numerous branching filaments of gram-positive coccoid bodies arranged in parallel rows, consistent with cutaneous Dermatophilus congolensis infection. This diagnosis was confirmed through bacterial culture and 16S rRNA PCR analysis. In the presented case, factors that might have contributed to disease progression include climatic conditions at the capture site and stress associated with trapping and laboratory housing.

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Document Type: Case Report

Affiliations: 1: Division of Comparative Medicine, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts;, Email: [email protected] 2: Division of Comparative Medicine, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 3: Department of Biochemistry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas

Publication date: February 1, 2018

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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