Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Open Access Coccidioidomycosis in an Indoor-housed Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta)

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF 143.5 kb)
 
Coccidioides spp. are saprophytic, dimorphic fungi that are endemic to arid climates, are capable of infecting many species, and result in diverse clinical presentations. An indoor-housed laboratory rhesus macaque presented with weight loss and decreased activity and appetite. During the diagnostic evaluation, a bronchiolar–alveolar pattern in the cranial lung lobes, consistent with bronchopneumonia, was noted on radiographs. Given the poor prognosis, the macaque was euthanized. Confirming the radiographic assessment, gross necropsy findings included multifocal to coalescing areas of consolidation in the right and left cranial lung lobes. Microscopically, the consolidated regions were consistent with a pyogranulomatous bronchopneumonia and contained round, nonbudding, fungal yeast structures considered to be morphologically consistent with Coccidioides immitis. Culture and colony morphology results were confirmed through additional diagnostic testing. Sequencing of the D1–D2 domain of the 28S large ribosomal subunit positively matched with a known sequence specific to C. immitis. Serology for Coccidioides spp. by both latex agglutination (IgM) and immunodiffusion (IgG) was positive. In this rhesus macaque, the concordant results from histology, culture, DNA sequencing, and serology were collectively used to confirm the diagnosis of coccidioidomycosis. This animal likely acquired a latent pulmonary infection with Coccidioides months prior to arrival, when housed outdoors in a Coccidioides-endemic area. The nonspecific clinical presentation in this macaque, coupled with the recent history of indoor housing and lag between clinical presentation and outdoor housing, can make similar diagnostic cases challenging and highlights the need for awareness regarding animal source when making an accurate diagnosis in an institutional laboratory setting.
No References for this article.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Case Report

Affiliations: 1: Integrated Biological Platform Sciences, GlaxoSmithKline Research and Development, Collegeville, Pennsylvania, Veterinary Sciences, Bristol–Myers Squibb, New Brunswick, New Jersey 2: Integrated Biological Platform Sciences, GlaxoSmithKline Research and Development, Collegeville, Pennsylvania 3: Integrated Biological Platform Sciences, GlaxoSmithKline Research and Development, Collegeville, Pennsylvania;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: October 1, 2017

More about this publication?
  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

    Attention Members: To access the full text of the articles, be sure you are logged in to the AALAS website.

    Attention: please note, due to a temporary technical problem, reference linking within the content is not available at this time

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • For issues prior to 1998
  • Institutional Subscription Activation
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more