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Open Access Spontaneous Development of Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Mice with Cell-specific Deletion of Inhibitor of κB Kinase 2

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The deletion of NFκB in epithelial tissues by using skin-specific promoters can cause both tumor formation and severe inflammatory dermatitis, indicating that this signaling pathway is important for the maintenance of immune homeostasis in epithelial tissues. In the present study, we crossed mice transgenic for loxP-Ikbk2 and human Gfap-cre to selectively delete IKK2 in CNS astrocytes. Unexpectedly, a subset of mice developed severe and progressive skin lesions marked by hyperplasia, hyperkeratosis, dysplasia, inflammation, and neoplasia with a subset of lesions diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The development of lesions was monitored over a 3.5-y period and over 4 filial generations. Average age of onset of was 4 mo of age with 19.5% of mice affected with frequency increasing in progressive generations. Lesion development appeared to correlate not only with unintended IKK2 deletion in GFAP expressing cells of the epidermis, but also with increased expression of TNF in lesioned skin. The skins changes described in these animals are similar to those in transgenic mice with an epidermis-specific deletion of NFκB and thus represents another genetic mouse model that can be used to study the role of NFκB signaling in regulating the development of SCC.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Departments of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 2: Departments of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 3: Departments of Environmental and Radiological Health Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: October 1, 2017

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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