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Open Access Prophylactic Effects of the Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Analog Liraglutide on Hyperglycemia in a Rat Model of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Associated with Chronic Pancreatitis and Obesity

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The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of liraglutide, an analog of human glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP1), on WBN/Kob-Leprfa (fa/fa) rats, which spontaneously develop type 2 diabetes mellitus with pancreatic disorder and obesity. Male fa/fa rats (age, 7 wk) were allocated into 4 groups and received liraglutide (37.5, 75, 150 μg/kg SC) or saline (control group) once daily for 4 wk. All rats in the control group became overweight and developed hyperglycemia as they aged. Although the rats given liraglutide showed a dose-dependent reduction in food intake, no significant effects on body weight or fat content occurred. In the liraglutide groups, the development of hyperglycemia was suppressed, even as plasma insulin concentrations increased in a dose-dependent manner. Intravenous glucose tolerance testing of the liraglutide-treated rats confirmed improvement of glucose tolerance and enhanced insulin secretion. Histologic examination revealed increased numbers of pancreatic β-cell type islet cells and increased proliferation of epithelial cells of the small ducts in the liraglutide-treated groups. Although our study did not reveal a significant decrease in obesity after liraglutide administration, the results suggest a marked antidiabetic effect characterized by increased insulin secretion in fa/fa rats with pancreatic disorders.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Laboratory of Veterinary Pharmacology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan 2: Laboratory of Veterinary Pharmacology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan. [email protected]

Publication date: April 1, 2014

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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