Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Open Access Development of Mouse Embryos after Immunoneutralization of Mitogenic Growth Factors Mimics that of Cloned Embryos

Download Article:
(PDF 380.5 kb)
The extent to which mitogenic growth factors influence embryo development is not well characterized. We sought to determine the effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and transforming growth factor α (TGFα) on naturally fertilized (in vivo-derived) and in vitro-fertilized mouse embryos, compared with that on cloned (intracytoplasmic nuclear injection-derived) mouse embryos, in which EGF and TGFα expression is markedly reduced. Immunoneutralization of EGF, TGFα, and EGF receptor by using specific antibodies significantly reduced the blastocyst development rate (in vivo-derived: 66%, 63%, and 63%, respectively; in vitro-fertilized: 57%, 55%, and 56%, respectively), increased the number of apoptotic nuclei (in vivo-derived: 9%, 10%, and 9%, respectively; in vitro-fertilized: 13%, 13%, and 13%, respectively), decreased the total number of cells (in vivo-derived: 87%, 85%, and 86%, respectively; in vitro-fertilized: 86%, 85%, and 86%, respectively), and increased the inner cell mass:trophectoderm ratios (in vivo-derived: 1:2.70 ± 0.05, 1:2.73 ± 0.04, 1:2.71 ± 0.06, respectively; in vitro-fertilized: 1:2.94 ± 0.02, 1:2.96 ± 0.02, 1:2.95 ± 0.02, respectively). In most cases, combined treatment with neutralizing antibodies to both EGF and TGF accentuated changes in these parameters. Further, the effect of combined immunoneutralization on these parameters in fertilized embryos was no different from those in cloned embryos. Therefore, normal expression of mitogenic growth factors is crucial for successful development of mouse embryos before implantation. Inhibiting the action of mitogenic growth factors causes fertilized embryos to exhibit developmental characteristics similar to those of cloned embryos, which may partially explain the poor developmental potential of cloned mammalian embryos.

35 References.

No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

    Attention Members: To access the full text of the articles, be sure you are logged in to the AALAS website.

    Attention: please note, due to a temporary technical problem, reference linking within the content is not available at this time

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Information for Advertisers
  • For issues prior to 1998
  • Institutional Subscription Activation
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more