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Open Access Anti-Thy-1 Monoclonal Antibody-Induced Glomerulonephritis in Mongolian Gerbils

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Two novel murine monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were produced to the Thy-1 molecule of Mongolian gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus). These mAbs, HUSM-M. g.27 of IgG1 isotype and HUSM-M. g.40 of IgG2a isotype, immunohistochemically reacted with the thymus, nervous system, and glomerular mesangium in partially different manners, suggesting that they recognize distinct epitopes, although they reacted with Thy-1 antigen, with apparent molecular weight of about 25 kDa, on gerbil thymocytes. Mild and severe forms of mesangioproliferative nephritis after glomerular deposition of the antibody was observed in gerbils administered mAbs HUSM-M. g.27 and HUSM-M. g.40, respectively, intraperitoneally, with or without guinea-pig serum as supplementary complement. Distinct pathogenicity and requirement of guinea pig serum for pathologic sequels are discussed as they relate to the rat model of anti-Thy-1-induced glomerulonephritis.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: December 1, 2000

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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