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Open Access Prolonged (12 Hours) Intravenous Anesthesia in the Rat

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A method is described for prolonging anesthesia in the rat for periods of up to 12 h, with subsequent recovery. Ketamine and xylazine in a ratio of 30 to 1 were infused intravenously by use of an adjustable syringe pump at rates of 40 to 50 l/min (1,000 to 1,250 g/kg of body weight/min for ketamine and 32 to 40 g/ kg/min for xylazine), and the rate of infusion was adjusted to maintain a stable depth of anesthesia. Primary assessment of the depth of anesthesia was provided by observation of the respiratory rate, which was maintained between 80 and 100 breaths/min. Rectal temperature was maintained between 35 and 36°C. Blood pressure, pulse, and blood pH and bicarbonate concentration were stable during the 12-h period. The PCO2 increased slightly to 53 mm Hg; PO2 decreased gradually to 59 mm Hg at the last measurement. Plasma glucose concentration decreased progressively; supplemental glucose was given to maintain plasma concentration >5 mM. After anesthetic administration was discontinued, the animals recovered promptly.

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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 1997

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  • Comparative Medicine (CM), an international journal of comparative and experimental medicine, is the leading English-language publication in the field and is ranked by the Science Citation Index in the upper third of all scientific journals. The mission of CM is to disseminate high-quality, peer-reviewed information that expands biomedical knowledge and promotes human and animal health through the study of laboratory animal disease, animal models of disease, and basic biologic mechanisms related to disease in people and animals.

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