Effects of the Tailored Activity Program in Brazil (TAP-BR) for Persons With Dementia
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of the Tailored Activity Program—Brazilian version (TAP-BR), on behavioral symptoms and the quality of life (QOL) in persons with dementia, as well as on their caregivers, and on caregiver burden.
Materials and Methods:
A 2-group randomized controlled trial with 30 dyads was conducted: the experimental group (n=15) received TAP-BR over 4 months, and a wait-list control group (n=15) received usual care. Dyads were recruited from the community of Santos City, Brazil.
For persons with dementia, 50% were female individuals, the average age was 81.37 (±7.57), and the educational level was 9.97 (±5.32) years. For caregivers, 83.33% were female, the average age was 65.97 (±10.13), and the educational level was 12.10 (±4.44) years. At posttest, in comparison with the wait-list control group, experimental group caregivers reported greater reductions in number (P<0.001; Cohen d=0.93), frequency (P<0.001; Cohen d=1.12), and intensity (P<0.001; Cohen d=0.77) of the behavioral psychological symptoms of dementia, and caregiver distress (P<0.001; Cohen d=0.87). Caregivers also reported improvement in their own QOL (P<0.05; Cohen d=0.57) and that of the person with dementia (P<0.01; Cohen d=0.56); no differences were found in the ratings of QOL by the person with dementia themselves.
The results provide compelling evidence that the TAP-BR is an effective strategy to support dementia caregivers in other cultures (cross-validation).
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Inter Professional Nucleus of Aging Research and Attendance (NIPAE), Management and Health Care Department, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Santos 2: Inter Professional Nucleus of Aging Research and Attendance (NIPAE) 3: Department of Occupational Therapy, Thomas Jefferson University School of Health Professions 4: Neurology Department, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil 5: Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA
Publication date: October 1, 2018